The camera is arguably one of the most important, if not the most important, parts of digital journalism. Every aspect of production relies largely on the camera and all of the unique aspects that come along with film production and camera operation. Chapter 8 discusses the ins and outs of the camera from what parts make up the camera itself to the different techniques camera operators employ when shooting different kinds of material. Someone on the outside of digital journalism with not much experience in the field may not realize how many different aspects play a role in camera production of digital journalism, but Chapter 8 offers an eye-opening look into how important the camera truly is when it comes to production.
This chapter also discusses the role of the camera operator and how important their job is when it comes to film production. Film makers rely largely on camera operators to use the equipment given to them in order to be able to get the shots that they are looking for. In order to be able to do this, camera operators need to use many different techniques discussed in the chapter including pans, tilts, crane and pedestal movements and a variety of other different techniques discussed throughout the chapter. According to this chapter the four most important key concepts a camera operator must remember when shooting are: essential area, lookspace, walkspace, and headroom.
Along with many of those topics, this chapter also provides an in depth look into other techniques that are very important for film and camera production including framing and different kinds of movement. Framing is the process of using the four key concepts discussed earlier in order to “frame” the visual being filmed in a way that is pleasing to the producer, as well as, the audience that will be viewing the film. Along with framing, the chapter also discusses the importance of positioning along with all of the various tools that are used to help position cameras in certain ways. Different types of movement shots include medium shot, dolly, pedestal, and pan. The director offers the camera operators a set of shots that he or she wants to see, and they call this list a shot list.
Along with all of the different aspects of camera operation, the chapter also gives an in depth look into how exactly lens are made along with other different features of the camera. The chapter discusses how the curve of the lenses creates aberrations which are responsible for field curvature, distortion, and chromatic aberration. The chapter also discusses the difference between film and digital cameras and the technology associated with both.
This chapter helps to give a better look into all that goes into the camera operation when filming a piece. Sometimes people may not offer enough credit to the role of the camera operator and how skilled they must be in order to produce the shots asked of them. Camera operators must employ may different techniques and have a vast understanding of the different aspects associated with their field in order to be able to excel at their jobs.
Image source: https://www.thebalance.com/camera-operator-525460