Editing can be the most important part of film production. How a piece is edited can dictate the overall style and look of a piece. This is true in both news segments and feature length productions. When an editor looks at a piece, they must consider both the sound and visual components of a selection. This can make editing both a complicated and time consuming process that can take many years to master.
Editing process technology has changed greatly within recent years. With new technological advances occurring every day, editorial teams and other members of production are able to work via the internet even when they are not located within the same areas. This creates a more open style of collaboration and allows many people to give their input into what they think is best.
There are many different kinds of editing techniques that can be used. These include realism, modernism, postmodernism. These are all considered aesthetic approaches and they each are very different from each other. The realist approach is used in many classical productions. According to Chapter 10, “Many techniques used in classical fiction and nonfiction editing that preserve an illusion of reality are basically realist in aesthetic approach” (Kindem & Musburger 329). Realist editing helps to simplify the production and the production’s overall message and theme.
Modernism is an approach that is completely different from realist techniques. According to Chapter 10, “A modernist approach to editing often deliberately disrupts spatial and temporal continuity between shots and sounds and calls attention to the editing process” (Kindem & Musburger 330). Modernist editors usually experiment with different kinds of shots in order to create unusual combinations. Many modernist editors use different kinds of abstract elements and designs between different shots.
Postmodernism is a technique that is much different from both modernism and realism. According to Chapter 10, “A postmodernist approach to editing can take the form of a collage or pastiche that combines diverse images and sounds and modes of production” (Kindem & Musburger 330). Postmodernism often combines many different work styles including documentary and narrative works.
Editing can also be described in two different modes. These modes include fiction and nonfiction modes. When editing fiction films a level of continuity is usually present within these kinds of features. However, nonfiction pieces can vary in their editing modes. Nonfiction pieces rely on staging many times and through these processes they must try to recreate a level of continuity that is naturally present in so many fiction works. This can create a challenge when working to edit nonfiction pieces.
Editing is a very complicated process that is hard for many in the film industry to grasp fully. Editors must carefully plan each and every detail of their work in order to ensure that their final product will be one that they were aiming for when beginning. When finishing a product, editors must be meticulous about many different aspects in order to create a perfectly put together piece. Many times editors are fully responsible for how we see things.
To learn more about eight essential editing cut techniques, click here.