Directors are easily some of the most important components to the overall production of a film of video. According to Chapter 5, “Video and film directors are artists who can take a completed script and imaginatively transform it into exciting sounds and images” (Kidem & Musburger 135). Directors are responsible for bringing a project to life, and are often the final say in the creative components of a piece of work.
When it comes to directing there is a large emphasis on the overall aesthetics of the piece. There are three different kinds of approaches a director might take including realism, modernism and postmodernism approaches. In the realist approach, a director will focus mostly on the content of the film rather than the techniques that are being used to pull the content together. According to the chapter this kind of directing can be seen in many television dramas including CSI, Law and Order, and many others. The modernist approach focuses solely on the form in which the material of a project is being presented. In this approach, many risks are taken by the director, and this approach can be considered more creative than the others. Postmodernism is the last approach a director may take. According to the chapter, “Postmodernism stresses viewer participation within open-ended works with vaguely defined characteristics” (Kidem & Musburger 137). These kinds of works include a mix of techniques in order to create a sense of confusion for the audience viewing these pieces.
A large part of a director’s role is the use of visualization. Through this aspect, a director will employ many different techniques including shot types. These include long shots, medium shots, and close-up shots. Each type of shot can be used in a specific situation, and each is best suited to its own type of scene. A director also must look at camera angles when filming scenes. These types of angles include POV shots, reverse-angle shots, and pan shots. Again, like the other shot types, each of these angles are best used in specific situation and scene types.
As a director continues with the production process, they must look at putting all of the scenes together in the best possible way. This includes combining shots. Different ways in which shots can be combined include techniques such as fade, straight cut, dissolve, or defocus. A director might pick one of these transitions based off of what he is trying to get across in the scene in question. The director must also look at sound and image interaction and how each of these components is coming across on screen.
The director is essentially the glue that holds the production team together. The director is responsible for meeting with members of the production team in order to work with different departments on the overall status of the film or news piece. The director is many times the go-to person for the production crew with all questions, comments or concerns they may have. Without the director production would be nearly impossible.
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